Innovation democracy is an array of practices and innovations in democratic governance and civic participation. These changes and adaptations are often triggered by specific crises and pressures and are designed to address a wide variety of issues facing the public and defend different values, including the justice of racial minorities, social cohesion economic vitality, or public health. Many of these reforms are also influenced by technological advancements that enable people to get together without having to physically meet.

Despite their diversity, these innovations share common features, including a re-evaluation of democratic norms, the development of participatory imaginaries, and the mobilisation of a diverse public to participate in activism and governance. These characteristics can be a source of rejuvenation for a democratic institutions in crisis. However, current scholarship has not been able to adequately capture and interrogate the dynamic ideas of democracy and citizenship that drive new practices. Furthermore, imposing movement models of democracy into classical definitions and models of democracy is a risk of removing a priori precisely those aspects of innovation that could help to revive democracies in crisis.

This article aims to develop a more nuanced approach to understanding the impact of democracy on innovation in emerging countries by examining the function of the democratic process, governance institutions and wider social contexts. It test the hypothesis that democratization in the developing world is a precondition for innovation by looking at the relationship between the level of democracy as well as patent applications and trademark registrations in different regions of the globe. The study also examines whether the impact of democracy on innovation is different in non-democratic countries and within different types or democracy. It employs econometric approaches such as OLS Fixed Effect, OLS and System GMM estimation.